With full optical access, many different diagnostics have been applied in the combustion vessel. Sub-links at the left provide a detailed description of these measurement techniques.

Spray A Standard:

Jet Penetration

Liquid Penetration Length

Light-based Ignition Delay

Lift-Off Length


Soot Volume Fraction

Mixing Measurement by Rayleigh Scattering

Siebers Liquid Penetration Length

High-Speed Movies & Flow Visualization

Pressure-based Ignition Delay