Low-Temperature Combustion (LTC): Premixed Compression Ignition (PCI – early injection)

•Low engine-out PM and NOx emissions, high CO and HC emissions
•Wall-wetting can be problematic (with diesel fuel), limited to lower loads

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Parameter Value
Fuel n-heptane
Intake 13% O2 (EGR)
Load 4.5 bar IMEP
Intake T 30°C
Intake P 1.5 bar
Speed 1200 rpm
Engine rc 10.75
Window 100 mm diam
Framing 7200 fps
Effective Camera Gain 500
Filter 500 nm SWP